A full range speaker is designed to reproduce the entire audible frequency range, typically from 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz (also known as the “human hearing range”). It means that a whole range speaker can reproduce the lowest bass notes and the highest treble notes without the need for additional drivers or components.
Full range speakers are commonly used in home theater systems, portable speakers, and car audio systems, as they provide a more complete and balanced audio experience. They can also be used in professional sound systems in concert venues or recording studios.
Types of Full Range Speakers
There are two main types of full range speakers: coaxial and multi-way.
Coaxial full range speakers, also known as “two-way” speakers, have a single driver responsible for reproducing high and low frequencies. The driver typically consists of a woofer (for low frequencies) and a tweeter (for high frequencies), which are mounted on the same axis. Coaxial full range speakers are a popular choice for car audio systems due to their compact size and simplicity.
Multi-way full range speakers, also known as “three-way” or “four-way” speakers, have multiple drivers responsible for reproducing specific frequency ranges. These speakers typically have a woofer, a mid-range driver, and a tweeter, with some models also featuring a super tweeter for even higher frequencies. Multi-way full range speakers offer a more precise and detailed sound, but they also tend to be larger and more expensive than coaxial speakers.
Benefits of Full Range Speakers
There are several benefits to using full range speakers in your audio setup:
- Convenience: With a full range speaker, you don’t need to purchase and install additional drivers or components to reproduce the full frequency range. It can save you time and money and simplify the setup process.
- Balanced sound: Full range speakers reproduce all frequencies evenly, which results in a more balanced and natural sound. It is especially important when listening to music, as it allows you to hear all instruments and vocals in their intended frequencies.
- Compatibility: Full range speakers are compatible with a wide range of audio sources, including music, movies, and video games. It makes them versatile for home theater systems, portable speakers, and car audio systems.
What is the difference between a full range speaker and a two-way speaker?
A full range speaker is a type of speaker designed to reproduce the entire audible frequency range, while a two-way speaker is a specific type of full range speaker with a single driver with a woofer and a tweeter mounted on the same axis.
Can full range speakers be used for bass-heavy music?
While full range speakers can reproduce low frequencies, they may provide a different bass level than dedicated subwoofers. If you are looking for a powerful bass response, consider pairing your full range speakers with a subwoofer.
Do full range speakers have a crossover?
Not all full range speakers have a crossover, but some do. A crossover is an electronic circuit that divides the audio signal into different frequency ranges and sends them to the appropriate drivers. Coaxial full range speakers typically do not have a crossover, as the single driver reproduces all frequencies. Multi-way full range speakers may have a crossover to divide the signal between the woofer, mid-range driver, and tweeter.
Are full range speakers better than separate drivers?
It depends on your preferences and needs. Full range speakers offer convenience and a balanced sound, as they can reproduce the entire frequency range with a single driver or a few drivers. Separate drivers, on the other hand, offer more flexibility and customization, as you can mix and match different drivers to suit your specific needs.
For example, you could use a dedicated woofer for bass, a mid-range driver for vocals, and a tweeter for high frequencies. Ultimately, the best choice for you will depend on your budget, the size of your audio setup, and the type of music or content you will be listening to.
Can full range speakers be used in a surround sound setup?
Yes, full range speakers can be used in a surround sound setup. Many home theater systems include full range speakers for the front left, front right, and center channels. Consider using dedicated subwoofers for the bass and smaller satellite speakers for the rear channels to achieve a more immersive surround sound experience.
How do I choose the best full range speaker for my needs?
When choosing a full range speaker, there are several factors to consider:
- Frequency range: Make sure the speaker can reproduce the audible frequency range (20 Hz to 20,000 Hz). Some speakers may have a limited frequency range, resulting in a less balanced and natural sound.
- Power handling: Consider the speaker’s power handling capabilities and ensure it can handle the volume levels you will be listening to.
- Impedance: Check the speaker’s impedance rating and ensure it is compatible with your amplifier or receiver.
- Sensitivity: Look for a speaker with a high sensitivity rating, which indicates that it is efficient at converting power into sound.
- Size and design: Consider the size and design of the speaker, as well as its intended use. For example, if you want a portable speaker, you will want something compact and lightweight.
- Price: Determine your budget and look for a speaker that offers the best value for your money.
Can full range speakers be used with a passive crossover?
Yes, full range speakers can be used with a passive crossover. A passive crossover is a network of components that divides the audio signal into different frequency ranges and sends them to the appropriate drivers. Some full range speakers come with built-in passive crossovers, while others can be used with an external passive crossover.
Using a passive crossover can improve the overall sound quality of the speaker by allowing the drivers to focus on specific frequency ranges. However, ensuring that the passive crossover is adequately designed and matched to the speaker for optimal performance is crucial.